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Master of Architecture (M.Arch.)

The Architecture major creates a rich academic environment marked by the confluence of advanced practice, contemporary theory, and social engagement. Our primary goal is to help students develop the capacity and judgment necessary to understand the built environment and generate architecture as a critical response, so that each student can engage both the discipline of architecture and the multiple discourses – artistic, technological, social, political, environmental, economic, spiritual – necessary to be a successful practitioner and a conscientious citizen with a Biblical worldview.

California Baptist University, College of Architecture, Visual Arts, and Design was granted candidacy for the Masters in Architecture professional degree program by the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB).

General Education Courses

The general education requirements will follow the curriculum set forth for other university programs. Some general education requirements will be met through specific architecture major requirements. All university general education competency requirements must be met before beginning the program outlined below.

Lower Division Requirements

DES 110 Design Thought Foundations I

Units: 3. Offered: Fall, Spring.

The course will be an introduction to 2D design thinking, as applied to the interrelated, interdisciplinary fields of design and as understood from a biblical world-view. Basic design theories, principles, major movements and works will be covered. Basic creative approaches and design expressions are explored through projects, class discussions, field trips and lectures. This course is an introduction to the design paths available through the College of Architecture, Visual Arts, and Design, but also serves non-design majors interested in discovering design.

DES 112 Design Thought Foundations II

Units: 3. Offered: Fall, Spring.

The course continues the process of understanding and applying design thinking through an exploration of 3D design theories, principles and applications. Topics include developing a larger framework for design, design methods, human factors, and environmental factors, as well as application, integration and sharing of knowledge as related to Design Thought in the various disciplines of the College of Architecture, Visual Arts and Design. Prerequisites: DES 110.

ARC 120 Design Communications

Units: 3. Offered: Fall.

The course will establish a base of design concepts and knowledge with an introduction to references and ideas to foster independent inquiry. The course will develop foundational appreciation and skills for effective two dimensional visual expression through graphic representation.

ARC 122 Design Communications

Units: 3. Offered: Spring.

The course will establish a base of design concepts and knowledge with an introduction to references and ideas to foster independent inquiry. The course will develop foundational appreciation and skills for effective three dimensional visual expression through graphic representation. Prerequisites: DES 110 and ARC 120.

ARC 205 Introduction to the Profession

Units: 1. Offered: Spring.

The purpose of this course is to make students familiar with the inner-workings of the profession of architecture. Students will be introduced to how a professional office functions, expectations for graduates entering the profession, and the expectations of the required internship experience. Students will visit architectural offices, hear from various professionals, be exposed to the standards of the profession and led through how to look for a job with such exercises as mock interviews. Topics include: resume and portfolio creation, finding an internship, internship assessment, the psychology of the workplace, different types of management structures and work environments, and collaboration. Prerequisite: Sophomore and Architecture Major.

ARC 210 Design Studio I: Spatial Constructs

Units: 6. Offered: Fall.

The studio explores and develops conceptual strategies for basic formal and spatial design, emphasizing the role of ordering principles and of fundamental architectonic elements in the implementation of design intentions. Students also will be introduced to foundational processes for developing design projects through the application of formal analytical vocabulary, diagramming, drawing methods and conventions, and three-dimensional modeling. Prerequisites: DES 110, 120, 112, and 122.

ARC 212 Design Studio II: Programmatic Types

Units: 6. Offered: Spring.

The studio focuses on conceptualization and implementation of architectural ideas in response to environment, landscape, site and enclosure, as applied to a specific program and building type. Students will continue to develop the foundational design processes introduced in previous studios, and will be introduced to the role of rigorous precedent analysis in the generation of architectural ideas. Prerequisite: ARC 210.

ARC 220 Computer Modeling

Units: 3. Offered: Spring.

The course will be an advanced course to develop an awareness and understanding of the role of Building Information Modeling in the student’s ability to study design ideas and present those ideas in the various design disciplines. Emphasis will be on the relationship of computer graphics with the design process. Prerequisite: DES 110.

ARC 240 Architectural History I

Units: 3. Offered: Fall.

The course will cover formal, theoretical, material, pragmatic and conceptual aspects of architecture, cities and art, examined in relation to their cultural contexts, from pre-history to circa 1400.

ARC 242 Architectural History II

Units: 3. Offered: Spring.

The course will cover formal, theoretical, material, pragmatic and conceptual aspects of architecture, cities and art, examined in relation to their cultural contexts, from circa 1400 to the present. Prerequisite: ARC 240.

ARC 280 Materials and Methods

Units: 3. Offered: Spring.

Introduction to materials and methods of the construction of buildings emphasizing the integration of design and technology.  Includes comprehensive introduction to the construction of buildings and their systems, materials, and methods, and their implications on building sustainability and design decision-making.  Common construction methods and details are introduced.  Further, material applications in structural and non-structural building components are explored.  CAD and BIM systems are used to develop construction documents for a case study building.  Skills developed include analysis of building form and function, understanding design / material selection interrelationships, and communication of ideas through drawing.

ARC 290 Statics and Strength of Materials

Units: 3. Offered: Fall.

The course focuses on the fundamentals of engineering mechanics, such as forces and moments, free-body diagrams, equilibrium, centroid of areas, and moments of inertia. It also covers introduction of stress and strain, stress transformations, analysis of stresses, strain, and deflections in axial members and torsional shafts. Prerequisite: MAT 245.

MAT 245 Analytical Geometry and Calculus I

Units: 4. Offered: Fall, Spring.

Basic concepts of analytical geometry, limits and derivatives, differentials and rates, integration, definite and indefinite integrals, differentiation of logarithmic and exponential functions. Prerequisite: MAT 135, 145, EGR 182, or sufficient SAT, ACT or math placement exam scores and appropriate high school mathematics background.

PHY 115 Physics for Architects

Units: 4. Offered: Fall.

A study of mathematical methods of physics, kinematics, forces, Newton’s Laws, earthquakes, fluids, work, energy, power, momentum, heat and thermodynamics, electricity, waves, light, and sound. This class will be taught in an “Inquiry- Based” manner. Lecture and lab are integrated. Additional lab fee. Prerequisites: MAT 135, 145, or 245.

Upper Division Requirements

ARC 310 Design Studio III

Units: 6. Offered: Fall.

The studio focuses on conceptualization and implementation of architectural ideas in response to the human experiences, human needs and human diversity of cities. Emphasis will be placed on architectural design as an interpretation and accommodation of various human activities through the exploration of program, perception, scale and proportion, and safety and accessibility requirements. Students will continue to develop the design processes introduced in previous studios. Prerequisites: ARC 212 and 220.

ARC 312 Design Studio IV

Units: 6. Offered: Spring.

The studio draws upon the three previous courses in the studio sequence, emphasizing the integrative nature of architectural design. Students will develop and demonstrate their abilities to conceptualize and implement building designs that bring together basic design principles, structural and envelope systems, environmental systems, programmatic and building service systems and egress. Prerequisite: ARC 310.

ARC 350 Architectural Theory I

Units: 3. Offered: Fall.

The purpose of this course is to enable students to understand the formation and context of various architectural ideas. This course on architectural theory provides students with a means to propose and navigate architectural discourse as a part of their development as architects. Prerequisite: ARC 242.

ARC 380 Thermal and Environmental Systems

Units: 3. Offered: Fall.

The course will be an overview of sustainable design integrated with natural resource conservation.

ARC 385 Lighting and Sonic Environmental Systems

Units: 3. Offered: Spring.

The course deals with those building elements that pertain to the visual and aural conditioning for the purposes of human use and comfort. The basic principles of light (natural and electrical) and acoustical systems, their integration with other building systems and the impact on the aesthetics of design will be stressed. Plumbing and electrical systems also will be presented. The sustainability of various systems will be explored.

ARC 390 Structural Analysis

Units: 3. Offered: Fall.

Introduction to structural analysis. Application of fundamental analysis concepts to the behavior of architectural structures and structural components. Analysis of statically determinate structures using algebraic and graphical methods. Introduction to a typical structural analysis computer programs. Prerequisite: EGR 254 and PHY 115.

ARC 392 Advanced Structural Systems

Units: 3. Offered: Spring.

Principles of structural design of members in steel and concrete. Design of members subject to flexure and compression. Design requirements in strength, stability, and serviceability based on current structural codes and regulations. Prerequisite: ARC 390.

ARC 410 Design Studio V: Comprehensive Studio

Units: 6. Offered: Fall.

The master level course is an advanced design studio that assumes a high level of proficiency in design process and representation, as well as in other content areas developed in the pre-professional portion of the program. This studio focuses on the conceptualization and implementation of comprehensive architectural design. Students will be expected to draw upon all previous coursework in order to thoroughly develop a project from a detailed program. Emphasis will be placed on the elaboration of architectural ideas through integration and syntheses of structural, environmental, envelope, building assemblies, life-safety systems and the principles of sustainability. Prerequisite: ARC 312.

ARC 412 Design Studio VI: Topic Studio

Units: 6. Offered: Spring.

The studio promotes the critical, creative and innovative exploration of environmental, human and tectonic factors associated with selected ‘real world’, community-based architectural and urban design problems. Particular emphasis shall be placed upon the development of interdisciplinary and participatory investigations of regional community issues. Prerequisite: ARC 410.

ARC 460 Seminar Abroad

Units: 3. Offered: Summer.

The course offers students an opportunity to learn and discuss historical and contemporary European theory and criticism, from Vitruvius and Alberti to contemporary figures. Raises and addresses architectural questions of composition, society, politics, and environment. Offered only abroad. Prerequisite: Junior status.

ARC 462 Architecture and Urbanism Abroad

Units: 3. Offered: As offered.

The course covers the detailed history of architecture and urban development in the host city, from its founding to the present. Offered only abroad. Prerequisite: Junior status.

ARC 480 Sustainable Systems II

Units: 3. Offered: Fall.

The course will not only investigate pressing environmental problems, but look at possible natural alternatives. Some of these solutions are – solar, wind, geo-thermal, and ocean phenomena. The intent is to have the students – individually or in teams – research, and then investigate and apply at a small scale, one of the alternatives. Prerequisite: ARC 380.

ARC 491 Architecture Internship

Units: 1-3. Offered: As offered.

The purpose of this course is to expose students to the profession of architecture in a professional office setting, familiarize students with a professional working environment, prepare students for future employment and allow students to start their IDP process. Pass/Fail. Prerequisite: ARC 205.

BUS 357 Small Business Management

Units: 3. Offered: Fall.

This is a practice-oriented course covering major facets of small business with special focus on starting, financing, marketing, operating, and leading the people in a small business. Special emphasis is given to entrepreneurship and small business development.

Graduate Level Requirements

ARC 510 Design Studio VII: Topic Studio

Units: 6. Offered: Fall.

The master level course is an advanced design studio that assumes a high level of proficiency in design process and representation, as well as in other content areas developed in the pre-professional program. The studio promotes the critical, creative and innovative exploration of environmental, human and tectonic factors associated with selected ‘real world’, community-based architectural and urban design problems. Particular emphasis shall be placed upon the development of interdisciplinary and participatory investigations of regional community issues. Prerequisite: ARC 412 and Masters of Architecture student.

ARC 511 Thesis Research and Preparation

Units: 3. Offered: Fall.

The thesis option is comprised of two components: a three-credit-hour seminar in the fall term and a six-credit-hour thesis studio in the spring term. The course takes the form of a seminar plus individual tutorials. Each thesis student selects a faculty thesis advisor to work with throughout the year, as well as an outside consultant – a specialist with knowledge of the particular subject matter of the thesis. The prospective thesis student must present a statement of intent along with portfolio examples to a thesis committee for review and acceptance into the thesis studio. Prerequisite: ARC 412 and Masters of Architecture student.

ARC 512 Thesis Studio

Units: 6. Offered: Spring.

Capstone of the studio sequence providing a setting for the exploration and synthesis of specific in-depth topics of personal and professional importance to the individual student that were developed in the thesis preparation course. Prerequisites: ARC 510, 511, and Masters of Architecture student..

ARC 570 Professional Practice

Units: 3. Offered: Fall.

Advanced seminar that addresses laws and regulation, project process and economics, business practices and management and ethical concerns. Students will critically explore how daily operations of architectural practice are an expression of personal values. Prerequisite: Masters of Architecture student.

BUS 506 Entrepreneurship Management

Units: 3. Offered: As offered.

This course introduces new enterprise creation and management from the perspective of the entrepreneur. Some practical issues that are covered in detail include: market planning, business plan preparation, the opportunity recognition process, and startup capital acquisition. The course will cover social entrepreneurship as well as corporate entrepreneurship. Students may only earn credit for either BUS 505 or BUS 506.

Graduate Level Electives

Complete nine (9) units from the following:

ARC 500 Special Topics in Architecture

Units: 1-3. Offered: As offered.

The course will focus on various studio and lecture courses, which explore and present selected topics in architecture and design. May be repeated for credit with change in topic for a maximum of six (6) units. Example of course offered: Theology of the Built Environment.  Prerequisite: Masters of Architecture student.

ARC 531 History of Landscape Architecture

Units: 3. Offered: As offered.

This broad-ranging course is an introduction to the idea of landscape as cultural phenomenon and the role of the term landscape as a representation of how society views the built world. Prerequisite: Masters of Architecture student.

ARC 532 Landscape Interventions

Units: 3. Offered: As Offered.

This seminar critically examines vernacular architecture and the vernacular process on a global scale. The course is organized into two parts. The first set of readings will define vernacular architecture and introduce current historical methodologies for analyzing vernacular sites. The second set of readings introduces a wide variety of examples from the cave homes of central China, to the stilt houses of Dahomey, to the housebarns of Europe and North American, to the wind towers of Iran and the ornamental cottages of Russia. Prerequisite: Masters of Architecture student.

ARC 535 Modern Architecture

Units: 3. Offered: As offered.

This course examines various topics in modern and contemporary Western architecture from roughly 1900 to the present, including major architects, monuments, and stylistic and theoretical movements. We will discuss the history of modern architecture in relation to other artistic media such as painting, sculpture, photography, and film, as well as in relation to technological, cultural, and socioeconomic issues. Prerequisite: Masters of Architecture student.

ARC 536 Architecture of Cities

Units: 3. Offered: As offered.

The seminar is designed as a critical and collective inquiry into theories of urban design in order to develop an in-depth, interdisciplinary approach toward a more meaningful urban design for the future. Prerequisite: Masters of Architecture student.

ARC 560 Directed Design Research

Units: 1-3. Offered: As offered.

Independent design exploration in architecture. Students are required to identify and explore transcendent issues and principles through the discipline of architectural design. May be repeated for credit with change in topic for a maximum of six (6) units. Prerequisite: Masters of Architecture student.